Brief History of Psychology

21 Apr 2018 | |

Psychotherapy has come a long way over the years and for the better too. even though ancient Greeks were the first ones to classify mental illness as a medical condition rather than a sign of spiteful gods, their methods of treatment were, well, not the best and their interpretation and understanding of the disease were wanting. One of the conclusions they made for example was that hysteria only affected women due to wandering uterus syndrome. However, even then, they appreciated the effect of soothing words to a patient. Fast forward to the Freudian era and everything changed. In the 19th century, the University of Pennsylvania was the first institution to use a clinical application of psychotherapy to help children with learning disabilities.

Considering the fact that the first psychology clinics were in existence as early as ancient Greece, then why did it take humanity years to adapt to psychotherapy?

Well, we must consider what happened in between. Medical practice as we know it today is not how things have always worked. Once upon a time, brain surgery was a painstaking procedure that required a patient to be strapped down on a dining table, bite down on a stick as a ‘doctor’ manually drilled his head. It was vicious, yes, but fast forward to a neurosurgical procedure and things are not all that different save for the drugs that keep you feeling next to nothing. In the same way, psychotherapy has come a long way as well. In ancient Greece, psychosis was treated by blood-letting and depression therapy was as simple as taking a bath. Development in the medical field, both medical and therapeutic, is slows. Case in point, the twenties when behaviourism came up and then thirty years later, cognitivism but cognitive behavioural therapy or CBT as it is commonly referred to was not a thing until the seventies. Today we have many therapy session options available and psychological assessments in general are becoming more and more common for people to seek, if you feel like you or someone you know needs a psychological assessment then I recommend checking out this page in Melbourne.

Now, back to why psychotherapy took so long. For a long time, seeking therapy was akin to mental illness and the society has not always been understanding to people living with certain medical conditions. At some point, therapy was a hush-hush kind of operation the same with how antiretroviral treatment was once something that only the one percenters could afford. Things like couple’s therapy were unheard of as recently as the seventies or eighties. Matter of fact, the only kind of therapy that was widespread was trauma therapy which only became popular after the Second World War. Psychologist began using what Sigmund Freud called the ‘talking cure’ and thus therapy was born. Most soldiers who fought in the war had a hard time reintegrating into society owing to PTSD but thanks to trauma and anxiety therapy, the society is now able to handle the day to day changes of life.

Today, thankfully psychology is a service which is accessible and affordable to anyone who needs it. Of course like anything else, the price of visiting a psychologist can vary depending on the service and what your budget is, to get an idea you should check out this Melbourne Psychologist for an example of services, rates and how a psychology session can benefit you.

From everything that has been said, it is clear that therapy has come a long way and judging by the long journey it has been through, the future is only going to be better.

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Roof Restoration and What To Know

There comes a time when we will need to make repairs to our home, and a roof is no exception, especially if you live in a part of the country that deals with a variety of elements. What is needed when it comes to roof repair? When you know a few things, this will make having your roof being repaired less of a burden.

When you look at having your roof repaired there are a few basic questions:

  • What are the costs involved
  • What material will be needed
  • Where to look for a roofer

What are the costs involved

The costs involved when it comes to having your roof repaired will of course vary. The first to find out is what is the material of your roof is made from, when you are able to find out what your material is, and once you find what the material is find out how old the house is. If the roof was made out of concrete, concrete material can last for one hundred years, when you know the age of the home; you can determine then what the condition of the roof is. If you’re not afraid of heights, and you’re able to climb to the roof, look at the condition for any signs of ware. Many websites may be able to assist you with this, if for instance you have a roof that is made of shingles some warning signs would be:

  • Visible Buckling
  • Shingles in the Yard
  • Sagging Ceiling
  • Discoloration of Shingles
  • Rotting Shingles
  • Termites
  • Obvious Aging
  • Hail Damage

As I mentioned this only applies to one kind of roof, if you have a home or more so live in an apartment building, or an office building, and the owners are trying to go green. The material may be much different, and you will need to know a number of things such as:

  • Root Barrier: This is the barrier, which protects the construction from being damaged by roots.
  • Protection Layer: This is a specially designed mat that prevents mechanical damage of the root barrier, and roof construction during installation.
  • Drainage Layer: This allows excess water to runoff in the various water outlets.
  • Filter Layer: This layer separates the plant and substrate layers from the drainage layer below.
  • Growing medium: This is the basis of the Green Roof, which will help give it solid depth for the roots of the plants.

As you can see two very different kinds of roofs, that will have different factors in regards to damage, repair, and maintenance.

What Material Will Be Needed

The material will obviously vary, as it comes down to what your roof is made out of; you will first want to determine the material, and then scout five different stores that carry them. You will want to check for quality, and reviews if you’re buying online. When you are looking though ensure you consider hiring someone local and visit this roof restoration company who services Mornington, Langwarrin, and Rowville. Whether you buy online or visit a store near you, if you’re on a budget, you will probably not want to go with the most expensive, but buying the cheapest over the long term may not be the best option either, that is where researching the material, and the brand name is a plus.

Where To Look For A Roofer

If you have come to the conclusion you will need to hire a roofer, search first in what is in your area. In this day of technology word of mouth is still the best form of advertising; though feel free to post something on Craig’s List, or to any friends on Twitter, or Facebook. Have your house stand out from the others on the block, and consider our roof restoration in Frankston services that will restore your roof to new. Let the roofer know the material you would like, and be open for any suggestions he may have; make sure to ask if he is licensed, and insured.